The Art of the Bagatelle The genre of the piano miniature is one of the most personal in the classical repertoire. For composers, these pieces are usually un-commissioned-written between larger projects solely from irrepressible musical desire. For a pianist, these personal statements provide exquisite challenges and represent a composer's technique at it's most "naked." In several pages (or sometimes only several phrases), a small world must be both created and explored. For this recording, both familiar and unfamiliar works have been chosen. The pieces are presented in an interleaved manner, grouped so that the pieces inform each other across the decades. Chronologically, the earliest pieces on the disc are Ludwig van Beethoven's Six Bagatelles, op. 126, one of the composer's final works for the piano. Beethoven commented to his publisher upon delivering the manuscript that he believed them to be "the best he had ever written." By turns delicate, enigmatic, and turbulent, these brief character pieces encapsulate the spirit of Beethoven's ground-breaking late compositions. Alexander Scriabin produced a large number of pieces for the piano. Though quite different in scope from his famous sonatas, Scriabin's passionate preludes vary in character-from the icy Russian landscape of op. 51, no. 2, to the sunny and radiant colors of op. 11, no. 13. Howard Hanson was one of the most distinguished American musical figures of the 20th century through his work as composer, conductor, and president of the Eastman School of Music. Though a brilliant pianist himself, Three Miniatures are Hanson's only solo piano compositions in his mature musical style. The rich harmonies and characteristic voicings employed in his beloved orchestral idiom are heard on every page. Though Aaron Copland produced three career-spanning major works for solo piano (variations, sonata, and fantasy), in his later years he created a few small piano pieces based on earlier sketches and fragments. Several of these pieces are represented here (Midsummer Nocturne, In Evening Air, and Midday Thoughts). Down a Country Lane was written in 1962, when Copland was at the height of his fame as "dean of American composers." It was commissioned by Life Magazine and in a gesture that seems rather remarkable today, the sheet music was printed in the periodical! Sunday Afternoon Music was written in 1935 for an anthology of small pieces by famous American composers. Throughout his career, Ned Rorem has written small keyboard pieces as gifts for friends. (Carolyn Enger has recorded an entire album of these pieces for future release.) In 2006, he completed a set of one-page pieces entitled Six Friends; each miniature is dedicated to a close friend or family member (including his sister Rosemary and his niece Mary). These pieces represent the spare, lyrical side of Rorem's writing-stark and delicate. In addition to his active compositional life, Lowell Liebermann is also an exceptional pianist. His Nocturne No. 1 is an early work, composed when he was 25. Liebermann has continued his series of nocturnes, intending eventually to write 21 (the same number as Chopin). As of 2009, he has written 10 of these pieces. Many of Liebermann's works, including this nocturne, feature the developing of searching melodic material over a eerily textured backdrop. American pianist Carolyn Enger is a passionate and distinctive musician whose recitals express her joy of sharing great music with audiences. In an era when musical interpretation has become predictable, Ms. Enger's memorable concert experiences make an indelible impression on the individuals who hear them. As a soloist, Ms. Enger has appeared in many venues throughout the New York City area including Weill Recital Hall at Carnegie Hall, Bruno Walter Auditorium at Lincoln Center, and Steinway Hall. During her concert career she has also collaborated with other musicians including Nathan Goldstein, a violinist in the New York Philharmonic. Her many recitals have also included numerous outreach concerts for libraries, community centers, churches, and synagogues. Ms. Enger presents programs designed to inspire audiences to engage deeply with classical music of all kinds. Her concert repertoire includes piano literature from all periods, ranging from the great masterworks of European history to fresh new discoveries from living post-European composers. Her recital programs are carefully crafted to the venues and performance contexts in which she appears. Ms. Enger is a graduate of Molloy College. She has furthered her musical study at the Manhattan School of Music, the Juilliard School, Vassar College, and the Adamant Music School of Vermont. Her teachers have included Marc Silverman, Arkady Aronov, Peter Vinograde, and Robert MacDonald. She has also participated in masterclasses and coaching with Ward Davenny, David Bradshaw, Golda Vainberg-Tatz, Mark Sullivan, and Jan Meyer-Thompson. Ms. Enger was a student of the late Freda Rosenblatt, a musical descendant of Theodor Leschetizky, one of the world's foremost piano teachers (whose students included the famous pianists Ignace Paderewski and Artur Schnabel). Leschetizky himself was a student of Carl Czerny, who in turn was Beethoven's star pupil. Ms. Enger is honored to be a part of this distinguished tradition. She is a member of Behre Piano Associates and the Leschetizky Association, two organizations devoted to keeping this lineage and history alive. Furthering her interest in distinctive concert experiences, Ms. Enger is currently working on a multimedia project that will combine music, literature, and images, centering on the lives of Holocaust survivors. In addition to In Evening Air, Ms. Enger has recorded an album of Ned Rorem's piano miniatures (Piano Album I) to be released in 2010.